The Forest Wood-hoopoe (Phoeniculus castaneiceps) is a striking and elusive bird species that's unique and social living in dense forests of Uganda

Forest Wood-hoopoe in Uganda

August 1, 2023

The Forest Wood-hoopoe (Phoeniculus castaneiceps) is a striking and elusive bird species that calls the dense forests of Uganda home. With its vibrant plumage, unique habits, and intriguing social structure, the Forest Wood-hoopoe captivates birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike.

The Forest Wood-hoopoe is a medium-sized bird, measuring around 30 centimeters (12 inches) in length. It boasts an arresting combination of colors, with its head and crest a brilliant chestnut brown, bordered by a striking black mask across its eyes and throat. The back and wings display a shimmering metallic green hue, and the underparts are adorned in a contrasting white. Its long, slender bill is perfectly adapted for probing the bark of trees in search of insects and larvae, its primary source of sustenance.

Endemic to the East African region, the Forest Wood-hoopoe thrives in the lush, evergreen forests of Uganda. These forests, including the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Kibale National Park, and Budongo Forest, provide the ideal habitat for the species due to the abundance of insect life and the presence of tree cavities for nesting.

The Forest Wood-hoopoe is a highly social and gregarious bird, often found in small groups or family units. Their cooperative behavior extends to many aspects of their lives, including foraging, territorial defense, and nest building. These birds have a complex and intricate social structure that revolves around close-knit family bonds.

Their diet mainly consists of insects, beetles, ants, and termites, which they skillfully extract from tree bark using their specialized bills. As they feed, they maintain constant communication through a range of calls, including a distinctive, ringing “prrrooo” that resonates through the forest, contributing to the ethereal ambiance of the African woodlands.

The breeding season for Forest Wood-hoopoes typically occurs during the dry months, from February to April. During this time, the cooperative nature of these birds becomes most apparent. Several individuals work together to excavate nesting cavities in tree trunks, displaying remarkable teamwork.

The breeding female typically lays a clutch of 2 to 4 eggs, and both parents share the incubation duties, taking turns to keep the eggs warm and protected. Once the chicks hatch, the cooperative effort continues as all members of the group participate in feeding and caring for the young.

Despite their stunning beauty and intriguing behavior, Forest Wood-hoopoe (Phoeniculus castaneiceps) face some threats in the wild. Habitat destruction and fragmentation due to logging, agriculture, and human settlement pose significant challenges to their survival. Additionally, illegal wildlife trade and hunting have also contributed to their declining populations.

Efforts are being made by various conservation organizations and the Ugandan government to protect the Forest Wood-hoopoe’s natural habitat and raise awareness about its conservation needs. Ecotourism, centered around birdwatching, plays a crucial role in generating income for local communities, making them valuable stakeholders in protecting the bird’s habitat and fostering a sense of stewardship.

In conclusion, the Forest Wood-hoopoe (Phoeniculus castaneiceps) exemplifies the fascinating avian diversity found in Uganda’s dense forests. Its captivating appearance, cooperative behavior, and intricate social structure make it a jewel of East African wildlife. However, it is vital that concerted efforts continue to conserve these magnificent birds and their fragile ecosystems, ensuring that future generations can continue to marvel at the wonders of Uganda’s wildlife heritage.

error: Content is protected !!


Click one of our Safari Expert below to chat on WhatsApp or send us an email to

× How can I help you?